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Why Do We Have More Boys Than Girls?

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Chahnazarian, A. (1988). Determinants of the sex ratio at birth: Review of recent literature. Social Biology 35 (3–4): 214–235. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi..../abs/10.1080/1948556

Coale, A.J. (1991). Excess female mortality and the balance of the sexes in the population: An estimate of the number of "missing females." Population and Development Review 17(3): 517-523.http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1971953?uid=3739824&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21104121507601

Clutton-Brock, T. H., Albon, S. D., and Guinness, F. E. (1986). Great expectations: dominance, breeding success and offspring sex ratios in red deer. Animal Behavior 34: 460-471. http://www.kora.ch/malme/05_li....brary/5_1_publicatio

Kalben B. (2000). Why men die younger: causes of mortality differences by sex. North American Actuarial Journal 4(4): 83–111. https://www.soa.org/news-and-p....ublications/publicat

Schnettler, S. (2013). Revisiting a Sample of U.S. Billionaires: How Sample Selection and Timing of Maternal Condition Influence Findings on the Trivers-Willard Effect. PLoS ONE 8(2): e57446. http://www.plosone.org/article..../info%3Adoi%2F10.137

Song, S. (2012). Does famine influence sex ratio at birth? Evidence from the 1959–1961 Great Leap Forward Famine in China. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279(1739):2883-2890. http://rspb.royalsocietypublis....hing.org/content/ear

Thogerson C.M., Brady, C.M., Howard, R.D., Mason, G.J., Pajor, E.A., Vicino, G.A., and Garner, J.P. (2013) Winning the genetic lottery: biasing birth sex ratio results in more grandchildren. PLoS One 8(7):e67867. http://www.plosone.org/article..../info%3Adoi%2F10.137

Trivers, R.L., and Willard, D.E. (1973). Natural selection of parental ability to vary the sex ratio of offspring. Science 179: 90-92. http://www.sciencemag.org/cont....ent/179/4068/90.abst

Photo credits:

Elephant Seal 1
Photo by: Roy Mangersnes

Elephant Seal 2
Photo by: Mike Baird

White tailed deer
Photo by: Public Domain

Key Deer
Photo by: IanarÈ SÈvi

Male Lion
Photo by: Wikimedia user Robek

Baby Lion
Photo by: Flickr user fortherock

Brad Pitt
Photo by: Foreign and Commonwealth Office

Photo by: Barbara Hobbs

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